NEW DELHI — India’s Supreme Court on Monday rejected drug maker Novartis AG’s attempt to patent an updated version of a cancer drug in a landmark decision that health activists say ensures poor patients around the world will get continued access to cheap versions of lifesaving medicines.
Novartis had argued that it needed a patent to protect its investment in the cancer drug Glivec, while activists said the drug did not merit intellectual property protection in India because it was not a new medicine. In response to the ruling, Novartis said it would not invest in drug research in India.
The court’s decision has global significance since India’s $26 billion generic drug industry, which supplies much of the cheap medicine used in the developing world, could be stunted if Indian law allowed global drug companies to extend the lifespan of patents by making minor changes to medicines.
Pratibha Singh, a lawyer for the Indian generic drug manufacturer Cipla, which makes a version of Glivec for less than a tenth of the original drug’s selling price, said the court ruled that a patent could only be given to a new drug, and not to those which are only slightly different from the original.
“Patents will be given only for genuine inventions, and repetitive patents will not be given for minor tweaks to an existing drug,” Singh told reporters outside the court.
Novartis called the ruling a “setback for patients,” and said patent protection is crucial to fostering investment in research to develop new and better drugs.
Ranjit Shahani, the vice chairmHe said the court’s decision made India an even less attractive country for major investments by international pharmaceutical companies.