HACKENSACK, N.J. — Builder Jeremy Teicher bought a century-old house in Englewood, N.J., intending to replace it with a new home. But instead of just demolishing the old house, he had it dismantled, so the pine floors, beadboard ceiling, solid oak doors and other features could be reused or recycled.
“It’s good for the environment, and we believe it’s the right thing to do,” said Teicher, a principal with the Englewood construction company Build Within Reach.
Like Teicher, a growing number of builders, architects and homeowners are looking for ways to recycle building materials, even though it’s generally easier and faster to just haul everything to a landfill. The environmental benefits are obvious, since the U.S. Green Building Council estimates that 10 million tons of construction and demolition debris was dumped in 2003.
But saving these old building elements also can make economic sense, because they can be resold, donated or reused to save the cost of buying new items.
To dismantle the old Englewood house, Teicher hired a crew from a Baltimore non-profit, Humanim. Interviewed at the house recently, Chris Posko, an operations manager for Humanim, said 80 to 85 percent of a home can typically be saved.
“There’s value in everything,” Posko said. “To be able to get over 1,000 square feet of heart pine flooring (from the Englewood house) is beautiful.” Part of Humanim’s mission is to hire and train the unemployed to do the deconstruction and build their own work record.
Posko said demolishing a typical house costs $15,000 to $20,000, while deconstructing the same house takes more time, and might run $25,000 to $30,000. But the materials are donated, providing a charitable deduction. That deduction covered the extra cost in the Englewood job, Teicher said.
Humanim donates building materials to Habitat for Humanity, the home-building charity, which sells used furniture, building materials, carpets, appliances and more in its ReStores. The ReStores have three missions: to raise money for Habitat, provide affordable items for the community and reduce the amount of waste dumped in landfills.
The ReStore in Wayne, N.J., raises money for Paterson, N.J., Habitat. It contains a wide assortment of products, including kitchen cabinets, appliances, furniture, carpet remnants, lamps, hardware, piles of tiles — everything, including the kitchen sink. All are at least 50 percent off retail price, and furniture prices are cut the longer an item stays in the store. For example, a maple dresser that’s now $75 will drop to $60 after 30 days, and $38 after 90 days.
The donations come from businesses, estate sales, downsizing homeowners and people renovating kitchens or baths, according to ReStore Director Lucia Fitzgerald.
“If they take the cabinets and fixtures out carefully, we can reuse them,” Fitzgerald said. Appliances are in great demand: “We can’t keep appliances in stock. They fly out of here. Same thing with good-quality cabinets.”
Although the store’s only been open about a year, Fitzgerald estimates it has kept 17 tons of stuff out of landfills. About three-quarters of the shoppers are homeowners, many of them surprisingly affluent, according to a poll the store did.
“Everybody loves a bargain,” Fitzgerald said. “We have treasure hunters. We have dealers; they paint the furniture and sell it. … Good old furniture can be refinished multiple times. It’s a sin to have it go away. This kind of old-growth wood — you’re not going to see it again.”
One recent morning, Mildred Balmer of Paterson, N.J., was shopping with her three grandchildren, looking for furniture, including a bunk bed.
The store helps “people who are not able to buy new,” she said. “I don’t think it’s right to put good stuff in the Dumpster when someone can use it.”